Chapter 19


Section 19.1 Notes:  ( CLICK HERE )

         Section 19.1 Study Sheet for Quiz   ( CLICK HERE )


Anticline -  The underground rock layers will curve upward (usually caused by stress: compression)

Syncline -  The underground rock layers will curve downward (usually caused by stress: compression)


Section 19.1 Digital Flashcards  (to be used on your review for Quiz)

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VIDEO: Types of Stress in the Crust



Elastic Stress in the Crust (Yardstick)














FAULT IMAGES:

fault image.jpg



STRIKE-SLIP FAULT -
In a strike-slip fault, the movement of blocks along a fault is horizontal. 
The fault motion of a strike-slip fault is caused by the stress known as Shearing.
It is found at Transform-Fault Boundaries. Example: San Andreas Fault, California

Strike-Slip Fault



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NORMAL FAULT -
In a normal fault, the block above the fault (Hanging Wall) moves down relative to the block below the fault (Footwall).       
This fault motion is caused by the stress Tension.
It is found at Divergent Boundaries.

Normal Fault



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REVERSE FAULT -
In a reverse fault, the block above the fault (Hanging Wall) moves up relative to the block below the fault (Footwall).     
This fault motion is caused by the stress Compression.
It is found at Convergent Boundaries.

Reverse Fault








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Section 19.4 NOTES:  " CLICK HERE "












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TSUNAMIS




JAPAN and Tsunamis

Japan is the nation with the most recorded tsunamis in the world.   The number of tsunamis in Japan totals 195 over a 1,313 year period (thru 1997), averaging one event every 6.73 years, the highest rate of occurrence in the world.










** The most common way that tsunamis are formed:









Section 19.4 DIGITAL FLASHCARDS  (Use these to help you review for the QUIZ)

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You May want to watch these 2 videos on your own:










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